Sujet national, juin 2018, séries technologiques, LV1

Énoncé

Document 1
Star War actor Diego Luna did not hide his Mexican accent — and Latinos heard it loud
« When the newest Star Wars movie(1) came out in movie theaters, Perla Nation insisted on waiting to see it with her father, after the holidays. He was by no means a fan of the saga, and neither was she. But the 27-year-old from San Diego had a feeling the movie would resonate with her father, a landscaper who immigrated to the United States from Guadalajara, Mexico, in the early 1980s.
As they sat in the movie theater, the father and daughter watched as one of the main characters, an intelligence officer with the Alliance named Captain Cassian Andor, appeared on the screen.
Perla Nation's father, Pablo Perez, nudged her as soon as he heard the actor, Diego Luna, speak.
"He has a heavy accent," Perez uttered to his daughter.
After the movie, as they walked to their car, Perez turned to his daughter and said, once more, "Did you notice that he had an accent?"
"Yeah, Dad," Nation responded, "just like yours."
Having watched previous interviews with Diego Luna about his role in the movie, Perla Nation already knew the Mexican actor would be keeping his accent in the movie, she said in an interview with The Washington Post. She thought of her father, with his Mexican accent, and what seeing Luna's performance could mean to him.
It wasn't just that a Mexican was on screen, or even that an actor was speaking in a Mexican accent. It was the unexpectedness of the role. There was no particular reason Cassian was Mexican, or why he shouldn't be. He just was.
When she was younger, attending a predominantly white school, Nation remembered feeling frustrated with her parents for not being able to speak English as clearly as her friends' parents. As she grew older, Perla Nation said, she began to appreciate the difficulty of learning a second language, and realized how wrong she was "for thinking that this difference was a detriment." Still, her father has always been self-conscious about his accent, and insists on speaking Spanish at home, even though he is fluent in English.
As Perez watched Diego Luna unabashedly speaking in his native accent on screen, "you could just see this huge smile on his face," Perla Nation said. »
From Samantha Schmidt, www.washingtonpost.com, January 5, 2017.

Document 2
« Ifemelu decided to stop faking an American accent on a sunlit day in July, the same day she met Blaine. It was convincing, the accent. She had perfected, from careful watching of friends and newscasters, the blurring of the t, the creamy roll of the r. It took an effort, the twisting of lip, the curling of tongue. If she were in a panic, or terrified, or jerked awake during a fire, she would not remember how to produce those American sounds. And so she resolved to stop, on that summer day, the weekend of Dike's birthday. Her decision was prompted by a telemarketer's call.
On that July morning, her weekend bag already packed for Massachusetts, she was making scrambled eggs when the phone rang. The caller ID showed "unknown" and she thought it might be a call from her parents in Nigeria. But it was a telemarketer, a young, male American who was offering better long-distance and international phone rates. She always hung up on telemarketers, but there was something about his voice that made her turn down the stove and hold on to the receiver.
Perhaps it was his first day on the job, his telephone piece poking uncomfortably in his ear while he half hoped that the people he was calling would not be home to pick up. Because she felt strangely sorry for him, she asked whether he had rates better than fifty-seven cents a minute to Nigeria.
"Hold on while I look up Nigeria," he said, and she went back to stirring her eggs.
He came back and said his rates were the same, but wasn't there another country that she called? Mexico? Canada?
"Well, I call London sometimes," she said. Ginika was there for the summer.
"Okay, hold on while I look up France," he said.
She burst out laughing.
"Something funny over there?" he asked.
She laughed harder. She had opened her mouth to tell him, bluntly, that what was funny was that he was selling international telephone rates and did not know where London was, but something held her back.
"May I ask who I'm talking to?"
"My name is Ifemelu."
He repeated her name with exaggerated care. "Is it a French name?"
"No. Nigerian."
"That where your family came from?"
"Yes." She scooped the eggs onto a plate. "I grew up there."
"Oh, really? How long have you been in the US?"
"Three years."
"Wow. Cool. You sound totally American."
"Thank you."
Only after she hung up did she begin to feel the stain of a burgeoning shame spreading all over her, for thanking him, for crafting his words "You sound American" into a garland that she hung around her own neck. Why was it a compliment, an accomplishment, to sound American? »
From Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Americanah, 2013.

I. Compréhension de l'écrit
Questions on documents 1 and 2
A. Choose the two major themes common to BOTH documents. Copy the two correct answers onto your paper.
1. Speaking with an accent.
2. Childhood memories.
3. Difficult communication.
4. Identity.
5. Family relationships.
Comprendre la question
Il s'agit d'identifier les deux thèmes qui sont communs aux deux documents. Vous devez choisir entre 1. parler avec un accent ; 2. souvenirs d'enfant ; 3. une communication difficile ; 4. l'identité et 5. les rapports familiaux.
Procéder par étapes
1. Lire attentivement chaque document pour repérer quels thèmes parmi les cinq qui y figurent.
2. Comparer la liste de thèmes pour chaque document et recopier les deux thèmes qui figurent dans les deux documents.
Questions on document 1
B. Copy the following sentences onto your paper and fill in the gaps with words taken from the text.
Perla Nation is ...................'s daughter. Her father comes from ................... (country), like ................... who is the actor playing the role of ................... in the 2016 Star Wars movie.
Comprendre la question
Vous devez recopier et compléter le court résumé. Les éléments manquants sont le nom du père de Perla, le pays dont il est originaire, le nom de l'acteur et le rôle qu'il joue dans Star Wars.
Procéder par étapes
1. Balayer le document en surlignant tous les noms propres.
2. Concentrez-vous maintenant sur ces passages pour identifier ce qui désigne chaque nom propre : une personne ou un pays. Pour les personnes, déterminer s'il s'agit du père de Perla, d'un acteur ou bien de son personnage.
C. True or false? Answer the question and justify by quoting the text.
1. Perla and her father are great fans of all the Star Wars movies.
2. The actor plays in Star Wars with a Mexican accent.
3. Perla's father feels uncomfortable about his accent.
Comprendre les questions
D'abord, il s'agit de décider si chaque affirmation est vraie ou fausse et de proposer une citation en justification : 1. Perla et son père sont de vrais fans de tous les films de Star Wars. 2. L'acteur joue dans le film avec un accent mexicain. 3. Le père de Perla est mal à l'aise avec son accent.
Procéder par étapes
1. Commencer par rechercher les passages en lien avec les différentes affirmations.
2. Analyser le sens du passage pour déterminer si l'affirmation est correcte ou non.
3. Prélever la citation la plus pertinente pour appuyer votre choix.
D. Find the appropriate ending for the following sentence and justify with a quote from the text.
Perla wanted to see the newest Star Wars movie with her father because she thought that
1. her father would be happy to spend time with her.
2. the movie would have an impact on her father.
3. her father had seen a lot of interviews about it.
Comprendre les questions
Vous devez identifier la réponse qui explique pourquoi Perla voulait voir le dernier Star Wars avec son père: 1. parce que son père serait heureux de passer du temps avec elle ; 2. parce que le film aurait un impact certain sur son père ; 3. parce qu'il avait vu beaucoup d'entretiens au sujet du film.
Procéder par étapes
1. Commencer par éliminer toute réponse qui vous paraît d'emblée irrecevable.
2. Relire le document en gardant à l'esprit les réponses plausibles et rechercher des indices vous permettant de valider ou d'invalider les différentes réponses.
E.  
1. How did Perla's father react to the film? Choose the two appropriate adjectives from the list and copy them onto your paper. Justify your choices by quoting the text.
sad / happy / disappointed / angry / surprised / indifferent / bored
2. In your own words, explain why Perla's father had such a reaction.
Comprendre les questions
Vous devez sélectionner les deux adjectifs qui décrivent la réaction du père de Perla au film en proposant une citation pour justifier chaque adjectif. Ensuite, on vous demande d'expliquer avec vos propres mots la raison pour laquelle il a réagi ainsi.
Procéder par étapes
1. Commencer par éliminer toute réponse qui vous paraît d'emblée irrecevable.
2. Relire le document en gardant à l'esprit les réponses plausibles et rechercher les deux citations qui vous permettent de valider ou d'invalider les différents adjectifs.
3. Analyser le sens des deux citations retenues et expliciter ce sens avec vos propres mots.
F. Compare what Perla thinks today to what she thought when she was a child. Match each sentence on the left with one element on the right.
1. I'm embarrassed when my parents speak English.
a. Perla when she was a child.
2. Having an accent is not a problem.
b. Perla today.
3. Being different makes life more difficult.


Comprendre la question
Il s'agit de décider pour chaque affirmation à gauche si elle correspond aux sentiments de Perla enfant (a.) ou bien de Perla adulte (b.). 1. Perla évoque son gêne quand ses parents parlent anglais. 2. Le fait d'avoir un accent n'est pas perçu comme étant problématique. 3. Le fait d'être différent complique l'existence.
Procéder par étapes
1. Balayer le document à la recherche des passages qui correspondent à chaque affirmation.
2. Une lecture plus attentive s'impose pour identifier le contexte temporel : dans le passé, lorsque Perla était encore jeune ou bien dans le présent, à l'âge adulte.
Questions on document 2
G. Find information about the two main characters of the text. Use words from the text. Copy the answers onto your paper.
Sex: Female
Name: Ifemelu
1. Country of origin: ........................
2. Country of residence:........................
3. Time spent in the country of residence: ........................
Sex: Male
4. Job: ........................
5. Nationality: ........................

Comprendre la question
Vous devez utiliser des mots du texte pour compléter les fiches d'identité des deux personnages principaux : 1. le pays d'origine d'Ifemelu ; 2. le pays où elle réside ; 3. la durée de son séjour dans ce pays ; 4. la profession du personnage masculin ; 5. sa nationalité.
Procéder par étapes
1. Balayer le document à la recherche de ces indices en prêtant une attention particulière aux noms propres (signalés par une majuscule initiale).
2. Analyser le passage autour de chaque indice pour déterminer s'il est pertinent par rapport aux éléments recherchés.
H.  
1.  Why did Ifemelu answer the phone? Answer by quoting the text.
2. Why didn't Ifemelu stop the conversation immediately?
Answer by quoting two elements from the text.
Comprendre les questions
D'abord, il s'agit de repérer dans le texte la raison pour laquelle Ifemelu a répondu au téléphone. Ensuite, on vous demande d'expliquer pourquoi Ifemelu n'a pas mis fin à la conversation aussitôt à l'aide de deux citations du texte.
Procéder par étapes
1. Commencer par rechercher le passage en lien avec l'appel téléphonique.
2. Analyser le sens du passage pour identifier les différentes citations demandées.
I. Choose the correct ending for the following sentences and justify by quoting the text.
1. Before the phone call, Ifemelu:
a. felt proud of her Nigerian accent.
b. thought her accent didn't matter.
c. made efforts to sound American.
2. Ifemelu laughed because:
a. the telemarketer made a joke.
b. the telemarketer was bad at geography.
c. the telemarketer made her uncomfortable.
d. the telemarketer complimented her.
3. After the phone call, Ifemelu wondered if:
a. it had been a good idea to change her accent.
b. life in Nigeria was not better than in the US.
c. her accent really sounded American.
Comprendre les questions
Vous devez compléter chaque phrase à l'aide de la proposition la plus pertinente proposée.
1. Avant l'appel téléphonique, Ifemelu a. était fière de son accent Nigérien ; b. pensait que son accent n'avait pas d'importance ; c. faisait des efforts pour parler comme une Américaine. 2. Ifemelu a ri a. à la blague du télévendeur ; b. à la non-maîtrise de la géographie du télévendeur ; c. parce que le télévendeur la mettait mal à l'aise ; d- parce qu'il la complimentait. 3. À l'issue de l'appel téléphonique, Ifemelu se demandait si a. elle avait eu raison de changer son accent ; b. la vie en Nigéria n'était pas meilleure que celle aux États Unis ; c. son accent sonnait vraiment américain.
Procéder par étapes
1. Identifier le passage qui correspond à chaque phase de l'appel téléphonique : avant, pendant, et après.
Relire attentivement chaque passage pour identifier la bonne réponse.
Questions on documents 1 and 2
J. What could the two women say at the end of each text? Match each sentence on the left with one element on the right.
1. I changed my mind about accents.
a. BOTH Perla and Ifemelu.
2. Why did I work so much on my accent?
b. ONLY Perla Nation.
3. A celebrity with an accent can really make a difference.
C. ONLY Ifemelu.

Comprendre la question
Il s'agit de déterminer pour chaque affirmation à gauche si elle aurait pu être prononcée à la fin de chaque document uniquement par l'une des deux femmes (Perla ou Ifemelu) ou bien par les deux. 1. J'ai changé d'avis au sujet des accents. 2. Pourquoi ai-je essayé de travailler tant mon accent ? 3. Une personnalité célèbre avec un accent fait toute la différence.
Procéder par étapes
1. Passer en revue les deux documents pour voir quel(s) personnage(s) évoque(nt) un sentiment en lien avec chaque affirmation.
2. Recopier chaque affirmation en indiquant à qui elle renvoie.
II. Expression écrite
Choose ONE of the following subjects (150 words minimum).
A.  You are Ryan or Victoria, preparing an article to be published on your school website for "World Languages Day." You have met Maureen Kenyon, an international reporter who speaks nine languages. She has told you about her motivations for learning languages, the obstacles she met, the situations in which she uses different languages, etc. Write your article about her.
Comprendre la question
Il s'agit de rédiger un article au sujet de Maureen Kenyon, une journaliste internationale qui maîtrise neuf langues. Vous devez évoquer ses motivations pour l'apprentissage des langues, les obstacles qu'elle a dû surmonter ainsi que les situations dans lesquelles elle utilise ces langues.
Mobiliser ses connaissances
  • Les bonnes formes verbales :
– le preterit pour évoquer ce qui est révolu dans la vie de cette femme (actions passées, datées)
– le present perfect (have + participe passé) pour faire le bilan entre l'époque actuelle et le début de sa carrière.
  • L'expression du goût :
– really like / adore / enjoy / take pleasure in
  • L'expression de la cause :
– because / since / as ;
– as a result / as a consequence / consequently
  • L'expression de la difficulté :
– It was hard / difficult for her to + V ;
– She had difficulty + V-ing ;
– She couldn't + V / was unable to + V ;
  • L'expression de l'obligation :
– She had to + V
– She was obliged to + V.
Procéder par étapes
1. Préparez vos idées pour l'article sous forme de notes :
  • la première phrase pour annoncer le sujet de votre article ;
  • les motivations de journaliste pour apprendre des langues ;
  • Les obstacles qu'elle a dû surmonter ;
  • Les situations dans lesquelles les langues lui servent.
2. Rédigez votre article en soignant l'articulation entre les idées.
3. Contrôlez la qualité de votre anglais.
B. You are a journalist called Amelia or Justin. You interview one of the following actors or actresses. You ask him/her about his/her motivation, efforts, doubts and possible consequences on his/her life. Write the conversation.
Name: Tom Spence
Nationality: Australian
Movie: An Unexpected Wedding (Romantic Comedy)
For this movie, he
  • lost 15 kilos
  • had a plastic surgery operation on his nose

Name: Anna Lee
Nationality: Canadian
Movie: Treasure in the Arctic (Adventure film)
For this movie, she
  • spent four months in the North Pole
  • learnt to work with dogs

Name: Tony Cruz
Nationality: American
Movie: Revenge (Horror movie)
For this movie, he
  • shaved his head
  • lived with rats and spiders for two weeks

Comprendre la question
Il s'agit de rédiger l'entretien d'un des trois acteurs présentés en évoquant ses motivations, ses efforts, ses doutes etc. et en vous servant des indices proposés dans la grille. Dans cet entretien, on doit y retrouver vos questions ainsi que les réponses de l'acteur ou de l'actrice.
Mobiliser ses connaissances
  • La motivation :
– want to/ would like to + V
– like/ enjoy/ love + V-ing
  • L'effort :
– try/ endeavour to + V
– have to/ be obliged to + V
  • Le doute :
– I'm not sure/ I wonder if ....../ I don't think ......
Procéder par étapes
1. Préparez vos idées pour l'entretien sous forme de notes :
  • une première phrase d'introduction à l'entretien ;
  • les questions du journaliste ;
  • les réponses de l'acteur ou de l'actrice.
2. Rédigez l'entretien en soignant la présentation pour que l'on voie clairement la différence entre les questions et les réponses.
3. Contrôlez la qualité de votre anglais.
(1)The newest Star Wars movie: Rogue One released in 2016.

Corrigé

I. Compréhension de l'écrit
Questions on documents 1 and 2
A. 
1. Speaking with an accent.
4. Identity.
Questions on document 1
B. Perla Nation is Pablo Perez's daughter. Her father comes from Mexico (country), like Diego Luna who is the actor playing the role of Captain Cassian Andor in the 2016 Star Wars movie.
C. 
1. False "he was by no means a fan of the saga, and neither was she".
2. True "The Mexican actor would be keeping his accent in the movie".
3. True "her father has always been self-conscious about his accent".
D. Perla wanted to see the newest Star Wars movie with her father because she thought that:
2. the movie would have an impact on her father: "She thought of her father […] and what seeing Luna's performance could mean to him."
E. 
1. happy ("this huge smile on his face") and surprised ("said, once more, 'Did you notice that he had an accent?'").
2. Perla's father had such a reaction because he didn't expect the Mexican actor to keep his accent, but he was happy because it reminded him of his own accent when he speaks English.
F. 
1. I'm embarrassed when my parents speak English.
a. Perla when she was a child.
2. Having an accent is not a problem.
b. Perla today.
3. Being different makes life more difficult.
a. Perla when she was a child.

Questions on document 2
G. 
Sex: Female
Name: Ifemelu
1. Country of origin: Nigeria
2. Country of residence: United States
3. Time spent in the country of residence: 3 years
Sex: Male
4. Job: telemarketer
5. Nationality: American

H. 
1.  "She thought it might be a call from her parents in Nigeria".
2.  "There was something about his voice that made her turn down the stove and hold on to the receiver", "she felt strangely sorry for him".
I. 
1. Before the phone call, Ifemelu (c.) made efforts to sound American.
2. Ifemelu laughed because (b.) the telemarketer was bad at geography.
3. After the phone call, Ifemelu wondered if (a.) it had been a good idea to change her accent.
Questions on documents 1 and 2
J. 
1. I changed my mind about accents.
a. BOTH Perla and Ifemelu
2. Why did I work so much on my accent?
c. ONLY Ifemelu
3. A celebrity with an accent can really make a difference.
b. ONLY Perla Nation

II. Expression écrite
A. Why an international journalist is a polyglot
Maureen Kenyon is an international reporter who masters nine languages. Our reporter interviewed her for World Languages Day to find out what motivated her to learn so many languages when so few people master even one language. Kenyon explained that it just happened. Like most people, she learnt two languages at school and didn't find it particularly easy. But then she started travelling for work and finding herself in practical situations made the language much more accessible and so much easier to understand. Studying French and German at school helped her learn the seven other languages quite easily. Kenyon says that when you speak German, learning Dutch, Danish or Flemish is a piece of cake. Likewise, understanding or speaking Italian or Spanish is just as easy when you master French. Although Kenyon did admit that she found it more difficult to get the accent right. She also found it a challenge when there are words that don't mean the same thing in different languages. For example, she told us that French-speaking Canadians use the French word for "welcome" when they say want to say "goodbye", or they say "stocking" where the French say "sock", so it can all be rather confusing!
B. An interview with actor Tony Cruz:
Reporter: Tony, you have just finished filming the movie Revenge. How did the shooting go?
T. Cruz: Well, it's the first time I've starred in a horror movie and it was pretty intense.
Reporter: Do you mean that you didn't enjoy it?
T. Cruz: Let's say it was interesting and even challenging at times.
Reporter: Challenging? In what way?
T. Cruz: Well, I had to overcome my fear of spiders and rodents.
Reporter: Surely, that was a very punctual experience?
T. Cruz: You'd be surprised – I actually lived with rats and spiders for two whole weeks. That's something of an achievement for me! I really had to face my demons and force myself not to run away!
Reporter: I read that you also had to shave your hair off for the role. Is that right?
T. Cruz: Yes, I was worried that it wouldn't grow again and that my kids would not recognise me. But I was wrong, thankfully!
Reporter: Does this movie mark a turning point in your career?
T. Cruz: It may well be. Up till now, I've always starred in romantic comedies but now that I've tasted an action film, I'm interested in other genres like adventure or even another horror movie!