Sujet national, juin 2013, séries technologiques, LV2

Énoncé

Document A
Sci-Fi: Future Atomic City (1942)
Sci-Fi: Future Atomic City (1942)
«  This painting by Frank R. Paul of a city of the future is pretty typical of sci-fi predictions. The city is a massive pile of steel, plastic and glass put together in a way that not only has no past, but actively rejects it. It is a place of heroic technology with skyscrapers the size of whole districts, roof-top aerodromes, wide pedestrian boulevards, and metal roadways strangely devoid of traffic. There are even urban space launch pads where giant rockets are winched upright before blasting off to the heavens.
The iconic image of the future is the city. Think about it. In how many films have directors established the fact that we're in the future by conjuring up some landscape of incredible buildings with air cars whizzing about like semi-regulated gnats. Metropolis, Bladerunner, Just Imagine, Things to Come, and any number of Star Trek instalments. That's because a city's skyline tells you so much about the culture that built it. New York looks different from London because New York is different from London. Skyscrapers suit New York. They tell you about New Yorkers and the de facto capital of the United States.
This was the reason why Stanley Kubrick decided against setting on Earth any scenes from his film 2001: a Space Odyssey. He felt it was impossible for him to predict what a city on Earth would look like in 2001. »

Document B
« Detroit's bleak landscape is slowly changing due to the efforts of urban farmers and community gardeners determined to grow their city's revival. »

« Once America's most productive manufacturing city, Detroit was home to a thriving automotive and music industry, with almost 2 million residents and a robust economy.
A dramatic decline began in the mid-1960s as factories began closing their doors for overseas opportunities. The City eventually suffered near-collapse as residents left in droves to find work elsewhere. The exodus is well-documented, as entire communities decamped, parts of the city were literally abandoned and buildings were demolished or left neglected, with blocks of houses torn down or left for ruin.
For residents that stayed, lack of employment, crumbling school systems, and the sheer size of the city (which could fit all of Manhattan, Boston, and San Francisco inside and still have room leftover) meant that many folks were living in a "food desert", where grocery stores were often more than 30 miles from their homes. All around, nature was taking over decrepit buildings on its own, but not providing any source of nutrition for Detroit's shrinking population.
About 15 years ago, green-minded citizens throughout Detroit began to reclaim these vacant lots, clearing out the debris and creating gardens to provide both food and beauty to neighborhoods throughout the City. Their work has led to a growing community of urban food activists, providing fresh food where there was none, local opportunities where there were few, and productive green space where there were bleak, empty lots.
Today, over 1,300 community gardens have sprouted throughout Detroit, and with the support of non-profits like The Greening of Detroit, there is a growing network for urban farming. The renewal of urban Detroit begins with its residents and hometown visionaries who see the chance for change from within. As with the "growth" in local food and urban agriculture, similarly an eclectic new scene in music, cuisine, art, performance, design, and even tech have sprung forth. Some who seek to be a part of something interesting are actually returning to the city or relocating to it for the first time. »
Joe Gardener, www.growingagreenerworld.com, September 1, 2012.

I. Compréhension écrite
Questions on document A
1. 
Write the correct answer.
Frank R. Paul was:
a) the man who painted 'Sci-Fi : Future City'.
b) the author of this document.
c) the writer of sci-fi novels.
d) the director of sci-fi films.
Repérez d'abord son nom dans le texte, puis analysez la manière dont on en parle.
2. 
Focus on the passage from "This painting by Frank R. Paul" « This painting by… » to "like semi-regulated gnats" « like semi-regulated gnats.… » and write your answers.
a) Pick out four names of materials.
b) Pick out three adjectives relating to dimensions.
c) Pick out two methods of transport which allow you to fly.
Dans la première partie du texte, vous devez repérer 4 noms de matériaux, 3 adjectifs en rapport avec les dimensions et 2 moyens de transports aériens.
3. 
Right or wrong? Answer and justify by quoting the text.
a) The author is surprised that there aren't more cars in 'Sci-Fi: Future City'.
b) Most science-fiction movie makers choose urban areas as a setting.
c) The action for '2001: a Space Odyssey' takes place on our planet.
Repérez la phrase du texte qui parle de la même chose que l'affirmation, analysez le sens de la phrase pour décider si l'affirmation est vraie ou fausse, puis notez la réponse (Right ou Wrong) et recopiez la citation.
Questions on document B
4. 
Match each idea from the following list with the corresponding passage.
Transforming the city together – Leaving the city because of unemployment – A prosperous city – Coming back to an attractive city – Disastrous consequences on people's daily lives
a) First paragraph
b) Second paragraph
c) Third paragraph
d) Fourth paragraph
e) Fifth paragraph
Il s'agit d'apparier l'idée dans la liste à la partie du texte correspondante. Analysez le sens de chaque partie pour décider quelle idée lui correspond.
5. 
Pick out four expressions describing Detroit's buildings between the mid-60s and the mid-90s.
On vous demande de repérer quatre expressions utilisées pour décrire les constructions à Détroit entre le milieu des années 60 et le milieu des années 90.
6. 
Write down the correct answer.
a) "[…] many folks were living in a food desert" means:
  • shops where you could buy food were far away.
  • shops where you could buy food were too expensive.
  • shops where you could buy food didn't have enough staff.
  • the food on offer in the shops wasn't varied enough.
b) The main objective of the association 'The Greening of Detroit' is:
  • to repaint the city's buildings in green.
  • to encourage people to recycle meticulously.
  • to encourage the development of renewable energies.
  • to encourage people to cultivate gardens in the city.
Vous devez choisir la bonne réponse pour compléter chacune des phrases.
Questions on documents A and B
7. 
Complete the following sentence with 2 adjectives from the list.
old – real – fictional – safe – prestigious – smelly
The city described in document 1 is ...... whereas the city described in document 2 is ...... .
8. 
Here is a list of expressions :
enterprising – futuristic – urban recovery – technological development – celebration of the past – more efficient robots
a) Pick out 2 expressions which qualify document A.
b) Pick out 2 expressions which qualify document B.
II. Expression écrite
Choose one of the following subjects. (150 - 180 words)
1. 
A building in your neighbourhood is going to be transformed. The population is asked to send suggestions to the local authorities. Write out the project that you and other young people are going to send.
Formules à connaître pour exprimer les suggestions :
Why not, What aboutV-ing ; We could + verbe, It would be a good idea to + verbe ; We suggestV-ing.
2. 
You live in 2050. Describe your environment and explain what you like and what you don't like.
Formules à connaître pour exprimer le goût :
like, love, adore, appreciateV-ing ;
dislike, hate, detest, loathe, can't standV-ing.

Corrigé

I. Compréhension écrite
Questions on document A
1. Frank R. Paul was the man who painted "Sci-Fi : Future City" (answer a).
2. 
a) steel, plastic, glass, metal
b) massive, wide, giant
c) rockets, air cars
3. 
a) Right: "metal roadways strangely devoid of traffic" « metal roadways strangely… ».
b) Right: "In how many films have directors established the fact that we're in the future by conjuring up some landscape of incredible buildings" « In how many… ».
c) Wrong: "Stanley Kubrick decided against setting on Earth any scenes from his film 2001: a Space Odyssey" « Stanley Kubrick decided… ».
Questions on document B
4. 
a) First paragraph: a prosperous city.
b) Second paragraph: leaving the city because of unemployment.
c) Third paragraph: disastrous consequences on people's daily lives.
d) Fourth paragraph: transforming the city together.
e) Fifth paragraph: coming back to an attractive city.
5. The following expressions describe Detroit's buildings between the mid-60s and the mid-90s:
"parts of the city were literally abandoned" - "buildings were demolished or left neglected" - "with blocks of houses torn down" - "or left for ruin" « parts of the… ».
6. "[…] many folks were living in a food desert" means shops where you could buy food were far away (answer a).
The main objective of the association 'The Greening of Detroit' is to encourage people to cultivate gardens in the city (answer d).
Questions on documents A and B
7. The city described in document 1 is fictional whereas the city described in document 2 is real.
8. 
a) Document 1: futuristic, technological development.
b) Document 2: enterprising, urban recovery.
II. Expression écrite
1.  Proposition of Topsham Youth Club for the Transformation of the old supermarket, 15 High Street, Topsham.
The young people of Topsham have nowhere to meet after school. The old supermarket in the town centre has been replaced by a large shopping centre outside town. The building of the old supermarket is in very good condition, but nobody wants to use it for a store.
We have had a meeting at our Youth Club, and have a suggestion to make.
Indeed, the supermarket would make an ideal meeting place for the different associations which the young people of Topsham belong to. There is sufficient room to offer a sports hall for ball games like tennis, badminton, table tennis, volley ball…
At the same time, it is possible to create smaller modules for the different associations – the Youth Club, the Chess Club, the Video Game Club…
Of course, we are not in a position to pay for the use of the building. However, we will take good care of it and renovate it regularly.
2. Life in 2050 is rather boring. At the end of the 20th century, there were a large number of historical buildings which gave every town its individual charm. Today, only modern buildings exist, and they are all very similar. They are all made of glass and steel. Every room is the same size and shape.
The streets are all straight and cross each other at right angles. There are green areas with identical plastic trees on every corner. Loudspeakers play relaxation music. We can hear birds singing, but in fact there are no more birds. I really dislike this artificial environment.
However, I do appreciate the fact that every town has the same leisure facilities, so we do not have to travel. If you want to ski, you go to your local ski dome. If you want to surf the waves, you go to your local surf marina.
Even if it is aesthetically disappointing, the choice of identical ecological and economical infrastructures in every town and city has given local authorities the possibility to offer the same facilities to everyone everywhere for nothing.