Sujet national, juin 2019, séries technologiques, LV1

Énoncé

Document 1
Sujet national, juin 2019, séries technologiques - illustration 1
Incredible Edible
« It's a simple idea: take over unused or unattractive bits of public land to plant food to feed the community. What is not so simple is where they're doing it. Todmorden is an old mill town in Yorkshire's Calderdale valley. It rains a lot, there's not a lot of sun, and it has experienced major flooding in recent years. But still, the town's residents continue to grow fruit and vegetables as best they can for locals to pick and eat.
"We do say that if you can grow it in Todmorden, you can grow it anywhere," says Estelle Brown, one of the founding members of Incredible Edible Todmorden (IET).
This motto has turned out to be true beyond just growing food. Since a group of a dozen residents began gardening in March 2008, hundreds of people from around the UK and abroad have travelled here to see how the "Toddies" do it. The word spread through media coverage and IET committee members touring to give talks. They've had calls and visitors from New Zealand and Japan, to France and Germany, and there are now as many as 500 community food growing groups across the world using the Incredible Edible name.
No one is trying to clone what Todmorden does but the model is adapted to suit different needs. "If you're doing it for your community it's got to be for your community," says Brown.
The Toddies didn't set out to start a food-growing revolution, they wanted to bring their small town together at a difficult time for communities throughout the UK. "Ten years ago it was the beginning of the worldwide economic decline, there was a lot of worry about climate change, but nothing was really happening," says Mary Clear, chair of IET. "And in this town we were starting to see the squeeze on public services – there was more litter – and we thought, how can we do something that will create stronger communities?"
Growing food was their answer. Clear, now 63 and retired, who previously worked in child protection, lowered one of the walls in her front garden, removing rose bushes to make a bed with herbs and signs saying "help yourself". »
The Guardian, May 9 2018

Document 2
« The narrator, 18, lives with her mother in Kilburn, a district in North London.
Most days I went to the library, tried to revise, while my mother worked each morning as a volunteer, at a centre for troubled youth, and, in the evenings, at a Black and Asian women's refuge. I don't say she was not sincere in this work, and good at it too, but it's also the case that both commitments look impressive on your CV if you happen to be standing for election as a local councillor. I'd never seen her so busy. She seemed to be all over the neighbourhood at once, involved in everything. I didn't often get down the street in her ward(1) now without someone coming up to thank me 'for all your mother is doing for us' or to ask me if she had any idea about how to start an after-school club for the newly-arrived Somali children. She hadn't been elected to anything, not yet, but the people had already crowned her.
One important aspect of her campaign was the idea to turn the bike shed into a 'community meeting space'. I helped her paint the place a vivid yellow and went with her round the local businesses, looking for unwanted chairs. Entry was set at a quid(2) and covered some basic refreshments, Kilburn Books sold relevant literature from a trestle table in the corner. It opened in April. Every Friday at six o'clock speakers appeared, at my mother's invitation, all kinds of eccentric local people: poets, political activists, drug counsellors, an academic who wrote self-published books; a brash Nigerian businessman who lectured us about 'black aspirations'. Many Irish speakers were invited, too – as a mark of respect towards that original, fast-fading local population. When speakers were concerned with the more prosaic aspects of our everyday lives – local crime, drugs, teenage pregnancy, academic failure – then they could count only on the few old Jamaican ladies who came whatever the subject, who came really for the tea and biscuits. Sometimes my mother spoke: on those nights the room was packed. Her subject was pride, in all its forms. We were to remember that we were beautiful, intelligent, capable, kings and queens, in possession of a history, in possession of a culture, in possession of ourselves. »
Zadie Smith, Swing Time, 2016

I. Compréhension de l'écrit
Questions on document 1
A.  
Complete the paragraph with words from the text (one blank = one word). Copy the numbers and the answers onto your paper.
Incredible Edible Todmorden (IET) is a project which consists in growing 1) ...... and ...... for the Todmorden 2) .......
Pour cette première question, il s'agit de repérages de base pour identifier les deux produits cultivés ainsi que le bénéficiaire du projet mis en place.
B.  
Complete these two sentences by choosing the right answer. Justify each answer with ONE quote. Copy the answers onto your paper.
1) 
The climate in Calderdale valley
a)  is a challenge for this project.
b)  is particularly adapted to this project.
2) 
The inhabitants of Todmorden
a) find it too hard to develop agriculture.
b) persevere in their actions.
Vous devez compléter chaque phrase avec la suite correcte. Servez-vous des mots clés de chaque phrase pour identifier le passage pertinent dont il convient d'approfondir la compréhension pour répondre correctement.
C.  
The following statements are true. Justify each statement with ONE quote from the text. Copy the answers onto your paper.
1) The project can be developed on available empty spaces.
2) The project was created because of the difficult economic situation.
3) The project was created to develop social cohesion in Todmorden.
4) The project was created to act for the environment.
Vous devez valider chaque affirmation à l'aide d'une citation du texte.
D. 
True or false? Justify each answer with ONE quote from the text.
1) The project has become famous because it was in the news.
2) The project is only developed in Todmorden.
3) The project is copied in the exact same way in other places.
4)  The project inspires individual acts of generosity.
Il convient de valider ou d'invalider chaque affirmation en justifiant votre réponse à l'aide d'une citation du texte.
Pour chaque affirmation, il faut d'abord identifier le passage correspondant et ensuite analyser le sens du passage pour comprendre si l'affirmation est vraie ou fausse. Indiquer votre réponse sur votre copie en recopiant la partie du passage le plus pertinent.
E. "If you can grow it in Todmorden, you can grow it anywhere." Explain this slogan in your own words.
Il s'agit d'expliquer à l'aide de vos propres mots le sens du slogan cité ici. Ne cherchez pas à simplement reformuler. Il convient de prendre du recul pour exprimer l'idée véhiculée autrement.
Questions on document 2
F. 
Choose the correct endings for the following sentences and copy the answers onto your paper.
1) 
The narrator is
a) a volunteer.
b)  a politician.
c) a student.
2) 
The narrator's mother is
a) a volunteer.
b)  a local councillor.
c) a businesswoman.
3) 
The narrator's mother wants to become
a) a volunteer.
b)  a local councillor.
c)  a businesswoman.
Vous devez compléter chaque phrase avec la suite correcte. Servez-vous des mots clés de chaque phrase pour identifier le passage pertinent dont il convient d'approfondir la compréhension pour répondre correctement.
G. The mother's weekly activities. Give three different REGULAR activities by quoting elements from the text.
On vous demande de trouver trois citations pour montrer trois activités différentes que la mère pratique régulièrement chaque semaine. Aidez-vous des marqueurs de temps (jours de semaine, moments de la journée) pour identifier ces activités.
H. 
The "community meeting" project. Complete the following description of the project with words or expressions from the text. Copy the numbers and the corresponding answers onto your paper
Community meetings
1)  Meeting place: ......
2)  Organiser: ......
3)  Speakers: ...... (Give two answers)
4)  Themes: ...... (Give two answers)
Il s'agit de repérages de base concernant le projet pour réunir les membres de la communauté.
I.  
What do people think about the narrator's mother? Choose the 3 correct answers, and justify each correct answer with a quote from the text.
1) She is so helpful and generous!
2) She could do so much more!
3) She is only interested in her own problems.
4) She is the right candidate for the election!
5) What a great speaker!
Vous devez vous intéresser à l'attitude de la communauté envers la mère de la narratrice. Trois affirmations parmi les cinq proposées sont correctes. On demande une citation pour justifier chaque affirmation retenue.
J. 
The public's reactions.
1. Match each element on the left with the appropriate elements on the right. Each letter is used once. Copy the numbers and the corresponding letters onto your paper. 
1) When the mother speaks,
2) When the ordinary problems of everyday life are dealt with / brought up
a) many people are present.
b) only the people who want food are present.
c) they pay a lot of attention.
d) there are only a few people.
e) they are not really inspired by the speeches.
f) they feel better about their lives.

2. In your own words, explain why people react differently towards different topics discussed.
Il s'agit d'abord d'utiliser l'ensemble des éléments pour formuler six énoncés dont le sens est fidèle au document. Vous devez regarder plus particulièrement les passages concernant la prise de parole de la mère ainsi que l'évocation des problèmes du quotidien.
Ensuite, on vous demande d'expliquer avec vos propres mots la raison pour laquelle la réaction des gens varie selon les thèmes abordés. Pour cela, intéressez-vous au contenu des discours et à l'intérêt des auditeurs.
Questions on documents 1 and 2.
K. 
 Choose the title which best corresponds to BOTH documents.
1. Attracting international attention
2. Promoting diversity
3. Bringing people together
4. Saving the plane
Vous devez sélectionner le titre qui convient le mieux aux deux documents.
II. Expression écrite
Choose ONE of the following subjects (150 words minimum).
A. 
You are Amelia or Josh and you take part in a 'climate champion project.'
You represent your school in an international competition. Choose project 1, 2 or 3.
Write a speech about the project (obstacles, results, concrete examples …), beginning with "Ladies and gentlemen, …".
Project 1
Project 2
Project 3
Recycle your mobile phones
Say no to plastic bags
Avoid food waste

Comprendre la question
La question vous invite à rédiger un discours pour présenter un projet destiné à améliorer le climat. Vous avez le choix entre trois projets : le recyclage des téléphones portables, l'interdiction des sacs en plastique et la diminution du gaspillage alimentaire. Il s'agit donc de produire un texte argumentatif pour convaincre un public à l'oral.
Mobiliser ses connaissances
Pour un discours argumentatif, il faut mobiliser :
• Les expressions qui impliquent directement le public :
  • Les pronoms 'you, we all, all of us
  • L'impératif : let's + V
  • Les modaux : we need to + V, we must / can / should + V
• Des structures pour renforcer votre argumentation :
  • It's important / essential / better to +V
  • La négation : Nobody else can save the planet ; nothing is more important than …
Procéder par étapes
1.  
Préparez vos idées :
• les actions à entreprendre
• les arguments pour défendre ces actions
2. 
Organisez votre plan : introduction, développement, conclusion.
• Rédigez votre discours en respectant votre plan et en veillant à éviter les redondances.
• Contrôlez la précision linguistique de votre brouillon (grammaire, lexique) puis recopiez-le au propre.
B. 
You are Kate or Clint.
You write a letter to your local councillor in your home city to ask him / her for help to start a new project. Choose project 1, 2 or 3.
Write about the actions you are planning, your motivations and your needs.
Project 1
Project 2
Project 3
In favour of education
In favour of the environment
In favour of employment

Comprendre la question
La question vous invite à rédiger une lettre destinée à votre conseiller municipal pour lui demander de l'aide pour le lancement d'un nouveau projet. Vous avez le choix entre trois thèmes : l'éducation, l'environnement, ou bien l'emploi. Votre production doit donc prendre la forme d'une lettre argumentative en détaillant les actions envisagées ainsi que vos motivations et vos besoins.
Mobiliser ses connaissances
Pour argumenter, il faut mobiliser :
• Le lexique autour de votre projet :
– L'éducation : literacy, numeracy, knowledge, learning, culture …
– L'environnement : climate change, pollution, greenhouse gases, ozone layer, health issues ; clean / unpolluted air / water / soil …
– L'emploi : (un)employment ; jobseekers / the unemployed ; out of work / jobless ; job opportunities
• Les différentes formes verbales :
– Le présent en –ing pour évoquer ce que vous êtes en train de faire : I'm writing to you, I'm planning …
– Le futur pour évoquer vos projets pour l'avenir : will + V
– Les modaux : we must / can / should + V
• L'expression de la conviction :
–  It's important / essential / better to +V
–  It will be excellent / perfect
–  I'm convinced that…, I really believe that …
Procéder par étapes
1.  
Préparez vos idées pour défendre votre projet :
• les actions à entreprendre, ainsi que les arguments pour les défendre
• vos motivations et vos besoins
2.  
Organisez votre plan : introduction, développement, conclusion.
• Rédigez votre discours en respectant votre plan et en veillant à éviter les redondances.
• Contrôlez la précision linguistique de votre brouillon (grammaire, lexique) puis recopiez-le au propre.
(1)a ward: electoral district.
(2)a quid: one pound (£1).

Corrigé

I. Compréhension de l'écrit
Questions on document 1
A. 
1. fruit and vegetables
2. community
B. 
1. The climate in Calderdale valley is a challenge for this project: "It rains a lot, there's not a lot of sun, and it has experienced major flooding in recent years".
2. The inhabitants of Todmorden persist in their actions: "the town's residents continue to grow fruit and vegetables as best they can".
C. 
1. take over unused or unattractive bits of public land to plant food.
2. it was the beginning of the worldwide economic decline.
3. they wanted to bring their small town together.
4. there was a lot of worry about climate change.
D. 
1.  True: "The word spread through media coverage".
2. False: "there are now as many as 500 community food growing groups across the world".
3. False: "No one is trying to clone what Todmorden does"/ "the model is adapted to suit different needs".
4. True: "Clear, … lowered one of the walls in her front garden, … to make a bed with herbs and signs saying 'help yourself'".
E. The slogan means that it's possible to grow fruit and vegetables anywhere, so everyone can do it, since they have managed to do it in Todmorden despite unfavourable conditions.
Questions on document 2
F. 
1. The narrator is 
c) a student.
2. The narrator's mother is 
a) a volunteer.
3. The narrator's mother wants to become 
b) a local councillor.

G. "worked each morning as a volunteer, at a centre for troubled youth", "in the evenings, at a Black and Asian women's refuge", "Sometimes my mother spoke".
H. 
1. "bike shed"/ "community meeting space".
2. "her mother".
3. "eccentric local people: poets, political activists, drug counsellors, an academic who wrote self-published books; a brash Nigerian businessman. Many Irish speakers" (Give two answers).
4. "black aspirations"/ "local crime"/ "drugs" / "teenage pregnancy"/ "academic failure"/ "pride" (Give two answers).
I. 
1. She is so helpful and generous! : "someone coming up to thank me 'for all your mother is doing for us'".
4.  She is the right candidate for the election!: "She hadn't been elected to anything, not yet, but the people had already crowned her".
5.  What a great speaker! : "Sometimes my mother spoke: on those nights the room was packed".
J. 
1. 
1) When the mother speaks
a) many people are present.
c) they pay a lot of attention.
f) they feel better about their lives.
2) When the ordinary problems of everyday life are brought up / dealt with
b) only the people who want food are present.
d) there are only a few people.
e) they are not really inspired by the speeches

2. The people aren't really interested in hearing someone talk about their lives. The subject is familiar, and they don't expect anything to change. The outlook is negative. On the contrary, they enjoy listening to the narrator's mother, because her speeches are inspiring and make them feel better. She tells them to feel proud of their history, of their culture and of themselves. The outlook is positive.
II. Expression écrite
A.  Project 3 Avoiding food waste
Ladies and gentlemen,
It's a small gesture, but it's one that each and all of us – rich or poor, grown-ups or children - can do three times a day – avoid food waste! We all need to take smaller portions and take a second helping only if we're really hungry. If there are leftovers, we should keep them in the fridge and recycle them into another meal within three days. Or we can freeze them for later. And all the fruit and vegetable peelings can be put into the compost, of course!
It's important to buy fresh food intelligently. Indeed, it's better to buy less, and more frequently. That way, we always have fresh food and nothing is wasted. If you do the shopping, check what's in the fridge before you go.
If you're a gardener, and your garden produces too much food for your household, offer it to your neighbours or at a local charity sale.
We can do this together – let's avoid wasting food starting from today!
B.  Project 3 In favour of employment
Kensington Road,
Reading
19th June 2019
Dear Sir / Madam,
As a resident of Reading, I am writing to request your help in setting up a project in favour of employment for local people. Indeed, I am planning to create an association to help people who are out of work offer their services for a few hours or a couple of days a week to local businesses and private individuals.
I am convinced that the unemployed will benefit from the contact with other people and that it will be excellent for their mental health. The businesses and citizens will surely welcome extra hands for specific tasks and the contact with a jobseeker could encourage them to think about creating longer term job opportunities.
To set up this association, we would like to request your support – both moral and financial. I would be grateful if you would grant me the opportunity to discuss this project with you personally.
Thanking you for your kind consideration,
I look forward to meeting you very soon.
Yours faithf