Sujet inédit, séries technologiques, LV1


Énoncé

Document A
« I asked my mother yesterday how much freedom she had as a child.
"Well," she replied, "I walked to my nursery school in Cambridge alone, aged three, and by four I was roaming the fields behind my house." After that, she explained, came the war(1).
"Your grandfather was away and your grandmother was organising the Women's Voluntary Service; no one knew where the four children were. We spent our afternoons canoeing down the Cam without life-jackets, eating sausages out of tins and, when it rained, we slipped into the cinema to watch unsuitable love stories. No one worried about us, they had more important issues on their minds." Her childhood sounded idyllic. My mother explained that it wasn't always perfect. She had once been accosted by a man while bicycling to her friend's. "I managed to get away. I carried on cycling to my friend's house and ate my tea; it never occurred to me to say anything until I went home. The police were called but I was back on my bike the next day."
My mother took a similar attitude to my childhood. My younger sister and I were allowed to take the Tube home from school across London from the age of five. My sister was hit by a car once when she crossed a busy road to a sweet shop. She broke her leg but, as soon as it had mended we were walking home alone again. My brothers took the train to my grandmother's in Suffolk on their own from the age of six and spent all day without adults in the park playing football.
Now, according to the Good Childhood Inquiry, children have everything – iPods, computer games and designer clothes – except the freedom to play outside on their own. Two thirds of 10-year-olds have never been to a shop or the park by themselves.
Fewer than one in ten eight-year-olds walk to school alone.
I'm just as neurotic as other parents. I walk my three-, four- and six-year-olds to school every day, clutching their hands. Their every moment in London is supervised, with playdates and trips to museums. I drive them to football and tennis. No wonder they love going to the country where they can spend all day making camps in the garden, pretending to be orphans. It isn't just because I fear they may be abducted or run over, it's because I'm also worried about being seen as a bad parent. When I let my eldest son go to the loo(2) on his own on a train, less than 20 feet from where I was seated, the guard lectured me on my irresponsibility. When we go to the park there are signs in the playground saying that parents may be prosecuted if they leave their children unsupervised, and at the swimming pool there must be an adult for every two children.
It is insane. My children still end up in the A&E(3) department as often as we did. The inside of a house can be more dangerous than the street, and sitting at a computer all day, eating crisps, carries more long-term risks than skateboarding alone to a park. »
Telegraph.co.uk, June 2007

Document B
« A Dutch clinic that has begun offering the world's first treatment for computer game addicts has been overwhelmed with pleas for help from parents and children all over the world.
"It's amazing, I've never seen anything like it," said Keith Bakker, the American director of the clinic in Amsterdam. "The phone has been ringing constantly. Computer game addiction is obviously an even greater problem than we imagined."
The clinic will begin treating two teenagers from Britain this week and other sufferers are being signed in from America and Asia.
"These are perfectly decent kids whose lives have been taken over by an addiction," said Bakker, a former drug addict.
Although experts are still debating whether excessive game playing counts as an addiction, Bakker has no doubt that the symptoms are the same. "It's not a chemical dependency, but it's got everything of an obsessive compulsive disorder and all of the other stuff that comes with chemical dependency."
Tim, a 21-year-old from Utrecht, said he had hardly left his bedroom for five years because he was so obsessed by his computer games. "My room was a mess," he said. "Curtains drawn, pizza boxes, empty bottles and junk food wrappers everywhere." His parents were frightened of him because, weighing more than 21 stone(4), he was too strong for them to confront. Eventually they threatened to kick him out unless he enrolled for a month of therapy.
Many adolescent addicts have stopped maturing because of their addiction, claims Bakker. "I've met 19-year-olds with the emotional intelligence of 10-year-olds," he said, "because when they were 10 a parent said `Here, have this Game Boy,' and they haven't stopped playing ever since."
South Korea and China, where people are particularly passionate about computer games, are discussing with manufacturers ways of discouraging compulsive behaviour.
Bakker thinks that European and American distributors should issue warnings about the dangers. »
The Sunday Times, July 23rd, 2006

I. Compréhension de l'écrit
Questions on document A
1 Write down the correct answer.
a) This text is from:
[] a magazine
[] an internet site
[] a diary
b) The main subject is:
[] childhood memories
[] the evolution of man
[] the evolution of parenting
c) How many generations are mentioned?
[] two
[] three
[] four
d) The text is set in:
[] England
[] Ireland
[] Wales
2 The following statements are right. Justify by quoting from the text.
a) The writer's mother did not grow up in London.
b) The writer's mother grew up in troubled times.
c) The writer's mother had several brothers and sisters.
d) The writer grew up in a city.
3 Right or Wrong? Answer and justify by quoting the text.
a) The writer's mother always told her parents where she was.
b) After the writer's sister's accident, her parents were more careful.
c) The writer's children are keen on playing without adults.
d) The writer is afraid of what other people think.
e) Children nowadays have fewer accidents.
f) Staying at home may be bad for your health too.
4 Quote the sentence from the text that gives two LEGAL rules concerning parents' obligations today.
5 Who or what do the following pronouns refer to?
a) "…no one worried about us…"
b) "She broke her leg…"
c) "… they can spend all day…"
d) "…if they leave their children…"
e) "…as often as we did."
6 In the text find the synonyms for:
a) problems
b) repaired
c) holding tightly
d) short journeys
e) kidnapped
f) reprimanded
7 Write down the correct answer.
a) "Your grandfather was away…" means:
[] he was a soldier.
[] he emigrated.
[] he died.
b) "…unsuitable love stories." means:
[] films that they didn't really like.
[] films that they were not allowed to see.
[] films that made them laugh.
c) "it never occurred to me to say anything…" means:
[] I never had the opportunity to say anything.
[] I was never allowed to say anything.
[] I never thought of saying anything.
d) "I'm just as neurotic as other parents." means:
[] I look after my children as well as other parents.
[] I worry a lot about my children, like other parents.
[] I spend a lot of time with my children, like other parents.
Questions on document B
8 This text is an extract from:
  • a web page.
  • a newspaper.
  • a medical journal.
  • a novel.
9 The text deals with people accustomed to:
  • drugs.
  • TV.
  • video games.
  • the Internet.
10 The clinic offering help is located in:
  • Great Britain.
  • the Netherlands.
  • Germany.
  • the United States.
11 Right or wrong? Justify your answers by quoting the text.
a) Treatment has been on offer for a long time.
b) This situation is only a European problem.
c) The director of the clinic used to have the same sort of problem.
12 The following statements are right. Pick sentences to justify them. Quote the line.
a) Experts disagree on the nature of the problem.
b) This problem can lead to obesity.
c) This problem prevents teenagers from growing up normally.
13 Write down 3 adjectives which best describe the players.
  • talkative
  • solitary
  • disturbed
  • healthy
  • anti-social
  • cooperative
14 Find the equivalent words or expressions in the text.
  • young people between the ages of 13 and 19
  • have stopped doing something
  • scared
  • menaced
  • signed up
  • to publish
15 From the following list, write down the four adjectives which best describe the parents' attitude.
  • indifferent
  • fed up
  • irresponsible
  • helpless
  • afraid
  • understanding
  • anxious
  • dependent
Question on documents A and B
16 Both documents deal with the idea of progress. Find two similarities and two differences in the ideas expressed in these two documents.
II. Expression écrite
Vous traiterez les deux sujets.
1 Imagine a conversation between the writer of Document A and her daughter who wants to go to school alone. (120 words)
2 A parents' association writes an article about the dangers of computer games and offers advice. (120 words)
(1) the war: World War II.
(2) the loo: the toilet.
(3) A&E: les urgences.
(4) 21 stone  = 133 kg.

Annexes

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